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Famous for its sandy white beaches, rainforests and tropical climate, the Caribbean Antigua island and Barbuda island make up a country known as Antigua and Barbuda. With favorable climates and tax incentives, many US expats enjoy residing in this tropical country. If you’re one of them, you should also know the basics of managing Antigua and Barbuda taxes for US expats.
Calculating how much you owe in taxes can be complicated — especially for US expats living abroad. We’ll walk you through everything you need to know about your tax obligations both for Antigua and Barbuda, and the US, as well as break down valuable tax deductions and credits that can lower your US tax bill.
Here’s everything Americans abroad should know about expat taxes in Antigua and Barbuda:
While most US expats are on the hook to file tax returns in two countries, Americans living abroad in Antigua and Barbuda have specific tax advantages. In 2016, the government of Antigua and Barbuda eliminated personal income tax entirely, meaning no money earned in the country is subject to taxation.
There are a few exceptions and some tax incentive programs available in Antigua and Barbuda that US expats might want to explore.
Here’s what you should know about taxes for foreigners in Antigua and Barbuda.
Since the country eliminated it’s personal income tax, no one residing in the country is required to pay this tax. However, if you’re a US expat, you are still on the hook for income tax in America.
There are some exceptions though, depending on whether or not you’re a resident or non-resident of the islands.
Pro Tip: Antigua and Barbuda is attractive to many expats around the world because of its tax incentives, such as the elimination of personal income tax.
Becoming a resident in Antigua and Barbuda is a little more involved than most countries. It may requiring paying for a special residency program or waiting up to four years to apply for resident status.
Not sure if you’re considered a resident of Antigua and Baruda? Here’s how to tell.
You can apply fo become a resident of Antigua and Barbuda if:
Antigua and Barbuda offers several tax residency programs that US expats and investors can apply for to qualify for tax breaks.
Its official Antigua and Barbuda tax residency program allows you to do business in the country or reside there. Benefits of this program include no income tax, capital gains tax, inheritance tax, nor wealth tax on worldwide income or assets.
To qualify, applicants must:
You can apply online for this residency program.
Another tax residency program is the Nomad Residence Program, which allows traveling expats who wish to reside in Antigua and Barbuda a non-permanent residency. This specialized residency qualification is offered for up to two years.
Personal information, like your passport and police clearance are also required.
You can apply online for this nomad residency program.
If you’ve lived in Antigua and Barbuda for less than 183 days and/or have not been approved for a residency program, you’ll be considered a non-resident and may owe taxes on worldwide income and assets.
Since a new tax law was passed in 2016, neither residents and non-residents in Antigua and Barbuda pay personal income tax on income earned in the country.
If you earn self-employment income in Antigua and Barbuda, you could owe 0%, 8%, or 25% in self-employment taxes. Self-employed workers must also register with the Inland Revenue to obtain a Tax Identification Number.
There is no capital gains tax in Antigua and Barbuda.
Businesses in Antigua and Barbuda pay a flat corporate tax rate of 25% on taxable corporate profits.
In addition, a withholding tax of 25% is placed on non-resident companies in Antigua and Barbuda on earnings from dividends, interest and royalties.
The basic sales tax rate in Antigua and Barbuda is 15%, though some services, like hotel accommodations, have a lower sales tax rate of 14%. Some tax activities have a 0% sales tax. You can find a comprehensive list on the federal Antigua and Barbuda website.
There is no wealth tax in Antigua and Barbuda.
There is no inheritance tax in Antigua and Barbuda.
Property tax, also known as real estate tax, in Antigua and Barbuda is the same rate for residents and non-residents, ranging from 0.1% to 0.5% of a property’s assessed value.
In Antigua and Barbuda, Social Security is known as Social contributions. Employees contribute 5.5% of their gross monthly income to Social Security and social health care. Employers contribute 6% of an employee’s salary.
The US has tax treaties with many countries to prevent double taxation, but Antigua and Barbuda is not currently one of them.
Antigua and Barbuda does not currently have a totalization agreement with the US. A totalization agreement prevents expats from paying duplicate Social Security taxes on the same income. Since there is no agreement in place, Americans working in Antigua and Barbuda will be required to contribute to both Antigua and Barbuda and US Social Security.
Most residents and non-residents will not be required to file tax returns in Antigua and Barbuda, since there is no personal income tax.
However, if you own a business or have self-employment taxes, you’ll need to file profit/loss tax forms and the correct tax form for your business entity. You can find a complete list of tax forms on the Antigua and Barbuda government website.
If you’re a US expat working in Antigua and Barbuda, you still have to file your income taxes in the US. IRS form 1040 is the standard income tax form that all US citizens and resident aliens must submit each year.
In the US, your tax return is due on April 15 (this year it falls on April 18), but US expats working in Antigua and Barbuda have until June 15 to file this return, without penalty. But, if you owe taxes to the US government, you must submit them by April 18 to avoid penalties or late fees.
Pro Tip: You can get more time to file your tax returns by requesting an extension of October 15. If you owe taxes, they are still due on April 18.
As an expat living in Antigua and Barbuda, you may also be required to file a FACTA. This financial report is required if your foreign financial assets exceed specific thresholds. For 2022, this is $200,000 for single filers and $400,000 for those who are married and filing jointly.
You can file your FACTA by filling out and submitting Form 8938, along with your 1040. The FACTA is due by April 15 each year (for your 2022 taxes, the due date is April 18).
US citizens living in Antigua and Barbuda who have or had $10,000 or more in one foreign bank account or a combination of foreign accounts during the tax year must submit the FBAR, also known as FinCEN Form 114.
This form can be submitted online through FinCEN’s BSA e-filing system. You can submit it through the mail by calling FinCEN and asking for an online filing exemption. If FinCEN approves your request, you’ll receive a paper copy in the mail to send back.
The FBAR is due on April 15 (April 18 for your 2022 taxes). However, if you need more time to file, the deadline automatically extends to October 15 each year without penalty.
Although US citizens living in Antigua and Barbuda already have tax incentives in this foreign country, you may be eligible for even more tax breaks on your US taxes. We’ll walk you through three common tax deductions and credits and explain if residents in Antigua and Barbuda are eligible.
You may be able to reduce your taxable income on your US tax return by claiming the Foreign Earned Income Exclusion (FEIE). The FEIE allows you to deduct some or all of your foreign-earned income from your US taxable income.
For your 2022 taxes, you can exclude up to $112,000 in foreign-earned income. So, if you made less than this amount in Antigua and Barbuda in 2022, you may eliminate your US tax bill entirely.
You’ll file IRS Form 2555 to claim the Foreign Earned Income Exclusion.
US expats can also lower their tax burden with the Foreign Tax Credit (FTC) — but this tax break likely won’t make sense for Americans living in Antigua and Barbuda. That’s because this tax credit works by deducting any income taxes you’ve paid to Antigua and Barbuda, dollar for dollar, from your US tax bill.
Since Antigua and Barbuda does not have personal income tax, this isn’t a tax credit that will likely help US expats living there.
You may also be able to deduct certain eligible housing-related expenses from your US tax liability by claiming the Foreign Housing Exclusion.
US expats can only claim this exclusion if they’re also claiming the Foreign Earned Income Exclusion, and it’s also filed on Form 2555.
Antigua and Barbuda offers many tax incentives, including no income tax, no wealth tax, no capital gains tax, and no inheritance tax.
After reading this guide, we hope you understand how Antigua and Barbuda taxes for US expats work a bit better. But taxes can be complicated, and your individual filing situation may have its own nuances. If you still have questions, Greenback can help.