Discover all the tax services we offer
Get an instance service estimate
Comprehensive guides on everything you need to know from planning your expat journey to filing your expat taxes with ease.
Our Country Guides will help you understand the ins and out of your specific U.S. expat tax requirements.
Access up-to-date articles, breaking news, deadline information and in-depth case studies on US expat taxes.
Get the answers to all your questions and browse Greenback’s most frequently asked customer questions.
Sign up for one of our live webinars hosted by our expert accountant team or watch one on-demand today.
Subscribe to our monthly newsletter to get money-saving tips, expat tax news, and exclusive promos.
Learn how our straightforward pricing, easy process, and an expert team makes us uniquely qualified to simplify the hassle of expat tax filing.
We’ve assembled a team only the most experienced, knowledgeable, and friendly CPAs and IRS Enrolled Agents our clients can trust.
Read our client testimonials to get a feel for the Greenback experience straight from the expats we’ve worked with.
We’re featured in many reliable news sources thanks to our reputation as experts on US taxes abroad.
Whatever your expat tax needs, wheverver in the world, we’d love to hear from you.
Primary Tax Forms: N/A (no income tax)
Tax Deadline: N/A
Currency: Bahamian Dollar (B$)
Number of US Expats in the Bahamas: 30,000
Capital City: Nassau
Primary Language: English
Tax Treaty: No
Totalization Agreement: No
Located in the West Indies and not far from Florida, the Bahamas are located in a chain of islands in the North Atlantic Ocean. This Caribbean country boasts tropical weather and warm, sandy beaches, making it an ideal spot for US expats to live and work. But, if you’re residing in the Bahamas, you should know how to handle Bahamas taxes for US expats.
Figuring how much you need to pay in expat taxes can be complicated — but if you’re living in the Bahamas, you don’t have to worry about paying income taxes in this country.
US expats do not have to pay income tax to the Bahamas but are responsible for US income tax.
Here’s everything you should know about your expat taxes for the Bahamas.
Normally, Americans living abroad have to file their US tax returns and Bahamas tax returns once a year. However, since the Bahamas does not levy income tax on residents or non-residents, US expats only have to worry about their American taxes.
Since the Bahamas does not impose an income tax, many Americans opt to reside and work here to lower their tax bills.
There is no income tax in the Bahamas, whether you’re a resident or non-resident living on one of the islands. However, if you’re an expat, you’re still responsible to pay your country’s income taxes.
In The Bahamas, residents are taxed on all the income they make — regardless of if it was made in The Bahamas or internationally. However, non-residents are only taxed on the income they made in The Bahamas.
If you’re a US expat living in The Bahamas, you might be unsure whether you’re considered a resident or non-resident of the country. Here’s how you can find out:
While residents of the Bahamas are often born in the country or obtain residence through marriage, there are a few other ways to become a resident.
US expats with clean criminal records can become permanent residents of the Bahamas through investment. Expats have two options: they can either buy property in the Bahamas or invest in various sectors of the country’s economy, such as medicine or tourism.
According to the official website of the government of the Bahamas, expats must make a minimum capital investment of BSD $500,000 to qualify for permanent residency. However, the Bahamas Immigration website also notes that “persons purchasing a residence for BSD $750,000.00 or more will get speedy consideration” when it comes to their application.
(For reference, the Bahamian dollar is pegged to the US dollar).
Other supporting documents you’ll need for your permanent residency include copies of your passport, proof of financial capability, and character reference. You’ll need to spend at least 90 days in the Bahamas per year to maintain your permanent residency.
In addition, there are certain jobs you can work, such as a teacher, nurse, doctor, or other medical professional, for 10 years in the Bahamas to qualify as a resident.
If you’re self-employed and working in the Bahamas, you’ll pay a rate of 8.8% into the country’s Social Security insurance.
There is no capital gains tax in the Bahamas.
Companies operating in the Bahamas must pay a flat corporate tax rate of 15% on all taxable profits.
In The Bahamas, you pay value-added tax for certain goods and services. As of 2022, the VAT tax rate is 10%.
There is no wealth tax in the Bahamas.
There is no inheritance tax in the Bahamas.
The property tax rate in the Bahamas ranges depending on the property’s price. The first $250,000 spent on the property is tax-exempt. The next $250,000 to $500,000 is taxed at 0.625%, and properties over this amount are taxed at 1% (but capped at $5,000).
In the Bahamas, you contribute 3.4% of your salary to Social Security tax. Your employer contributes 5.4% of your wages to Social Security.
Although the US has tax treaties with many countries to help avoid double taxation, the Bahamas and the US do not currently have a tax treaty agreement.
The Bahamas does not currently have a totalization agreement with the US. Since a totalization agreement helps protect US expats from paying duplicate Social Security taxes, this means Americans living in the Bahamas must contribute to both US and Bahamas Social Security funds.
The standard income tax form in the US is Form 1040. All US citizens and resident aliens must file their 1040 annually, even if you’re living in a foreign country like the Bahamas.
You must file your 1040 by April 15 (this year, it’s April 18), but US expats working in the Bahamas receive a two-month extension. Expat taxes are due June 15.
Do you need more time to file your US tax return? You can request an extension of October 15
You may need to file a FACTA, depending on your financial situation. In the US, you must file a FACTA if the amount of your foreign financial assets exceeds a specific threshold ($200,000 for single filers and $400,000 for those married, filing jointly).
To file your FACTA, submit Form 8938, and send it in with your 1040. Your FACTA is due by April 15 (April 18 for the 2023 filing year).
US citizens living in the Bahamas who held $10,000 or more in one or across multiple foreign bank accounts over the past tax year must also submit FinCEN Form 114, the FBAR.
You can file this form online at the FinCEN BSA e-filing platform. To mail a paper copy instead, you must contact FinCEN’s resource center and request an e-filing exemption. If approved, you’ll receive a physical form to mail back.
Your FBAR is due on April 15 (April 18 this year). If you need more time to file your FBAR, the deadline automatically extends to October 15 without penalty.
The US offers tax deductions; American expats can file to lower their tax bills. However, since expats living in the Bahamas do not pay income tax, you likely won’t be able to take advantage of some of these tax breaks, since you’re already receiving tax incentives.
You can lower your taxable income in the US taxable income with the Foreign Earned Income Exclusion (FEIE). This tax break lets you deduct all or some of your foreign-earned income from US taxation.
For 2022, you can exclude up to $112,000 in foreign-earned income from your US taxable income. So, if you earned less than this number in 2022, you could cancel your US tax bill altogether.
You can claim the Foreign Earned Income Exclusion by filing IRS Form 2555.
The Foreign Tax Credit (FTC) is another tax break designed to help expats — however, Americans in the Bahamas likely won’t qualify for this credit. This tax break lets you deduct any income taxes you’ve already paid or will pay to the Bahamas, dollar for dollar, from your tax bill.
Since expats in the Bahamas don’t pay income tax in the Bahamas, however, they won’t qualify for this benefit.
You can also deduct eligible housing-related expenses from your US tax bill by claiming the Foreign Housing Exclusion.
You can only claim this credit if you also claim the Foreign Earned Income Exclusion. Both can be claimed on Form 2555.
We hope this tax guide helped you understand the Bahamas taxes for US expats. We know that figuring out your tax situation can be complicated, so if you have additional questions about your tax responsibilities or eligible tax breaks, reach out to Greenback.